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Malaria

Division of Epidemiology
275 East Main Street, Frankfort, KY  40621
502-564-3418 or 3261  


 
What Is Malaria?

Malaria is a serious, but preventable disease, spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Anyone of any age can contract malaria.

Who Is At Risk For Malaria?

Anyone traveling to a "malaria-risk area" (an area of the world that has malaria).
Anyone who lives or lived in a "malaria-risk area".


What Are The Symptoms Of Malaria?

Uncomplicated malaria symptoms can be non-specific and should always be considered in patients who have a history of exposure (travel or residence in "malaria-risk areas"). Untreated malaria can progress to severe forms that could rapidly (<24 hours) become fatal. The most frequent signs or symptoms that may be experienced include any or all of the following:

Fever and Chills.
Headache.
Weakness or Tiredness.
Joint Pain.
Vomiting.
Diarrhea.


How Is Malaria Diagnosed?

The only way to know if you are infected with malaria is by having a laboratory test done by your health care provider.

What Is The Treatment For Malaria?

Treatment varies according to the infecting species (mosquito), the "malaria-risk area" where the infection was acquired, and the severity of the disease. Your health care provider can determine the treatment needed based upon clinical and laboratory findings.

How Can Malaria Be Prevented?

If you are traveling outside the United States or Canada contact Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to find out if your area of travel is a "malaria-risk area" at:
Toll Free 1 (888) 232-3299
Internet Access: www.cdc.gov/travel/travel.html
Contact your health care provider 4 –6 weeks before travel to find out what shots and prescriptions you or your family need.
Drugs to prevent malaria are only available by prescription through a health care provider.
The medication you are prescribed will be based on the area of the world in which you are traveling and any other medical conditions you may have.
For more information about Malaria contact your Health Care Provider, Local Health Department, or The Kentucky Department for Public Health at (502) 564-3261.
 

 

Last Updated 7/26/2007
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